Translation in the pre-modern world

Middle Eastern Literatures

Karla Mallette Middle Eastern Literatures, 2017 Abstract Translation occupies a central place in current theories of world literature, but it is not the only way in which texts circulate beyond their original cultural and temporal contexts to become world literature. This article explores the shifting relationship between language and territory, contrasting modern languages as territorially bound by the nation-state with

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Has evidence-based medicine ever been modern? A Latour-inspired understanding of a changing EBM

J Eval Clin Practice - cover

Wieringa S, Engebretsen E, Heggen K, Greenhalgh T. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 2017 Abstract Evidence-based health care (EBHC), previously evidence-based medicine (EBM), is considered by many to have modernized health care and brought it from an authority-based past to a more rationalist, scientific grounding. But recent concerns and criticisms pose serious challenges and urge us to look at

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Tracing the Impact of Latin Translations of Arabic Texts on European Society

Euclid

In this article, Professor Charles Burnett, a world expert in the history of Islamic influences in Europe at The Warburg Institute (London University), retraces the impact the Latin translations of Arabic texts of science and philosophy had on the intellectual progress of Europe in the decisive period that preceded and prepared the Renaissance. The article is based on an interview

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Arabic translators did far more than just preserve Greek philosophy

Socrates and his Students, illustration from 'Kitab Mukhtar al-Hikam wa-Mahasin al-Kilam' by Al-Mubashir, Turkish School, (13th c) Photo by Bridgeman

Peter Adamson (Professor of philosophy at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich) In European antiquity, philosophers largely wrote in Greek. Even after the Roman conquest of the Mediterranean and the demise of paganism, philosophy was strongly associated with Hellenic culture. The leading thinkers of the Roman world, such as Cicero and Seneca, were steeped in Greek literature; Cicero even went

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Alexander’s Gate and the Unclean Nations: Translation, Textual Appropriation, and the Construction of Barriers

TranscUlturAl

Benjamin Garstad TranscUlturAl, A Journal of Translation and Cultural Studies, 8, 1, 2016 Abstract The Alexander Romance and the Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodius deserve a place in any discussion of the impact of the translator’s work on the construction of memory in multicultural societies. Both works are remarkable as the products and the objects of translation throughout the middle ages. Successive

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Linnaeus’ Restless System: Translation as Textual Engineering in Eighteenth-Century Botany

Annals of Science

Bettina Dietza Annals of Science, 2015 Summary This article discusses translations of Linnaeus’ Systema naturae into various European languages, in the context of successively expanded editions of Linnaeus’ writings. The ambition and intention of most translators was not only to make the Systema naturae accessible for practical botanical use by a wider readership, but also to supplement and correct it,

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Undone Science: Charting Social Movement and Civil Society Challenges to Research Agenda Setting

Science, Technology, & Human Values

Scott Frickel, Sahra Gibbon, Jeff Howard,Joanna Kempner, Gwen Ottinger, and David J. Hess Science, Technology, & Human Values 35(4), July 2010 Summary ‘Undone science’ is a term used to describe areas of research that are left unfunded, incomplete, or generally ignored but which social movements or civil society organizations often identify as worthy of more research. This article draws on recent

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The letter, the dictionary and the laboratory: translating chemistry and mineralogy in eighteenth-century France

Annals of Science

Patrice Bret Annals of Science, 2015 Summary Eighteenth-century scientific translation was not just a linguistic or intellectual affair. It included numerous material aspects requiring a social organization to marshal the indispensable human and non-human actors. Paratexts and actors’ correspondences provide a good observatory to get information about aspects such as shipments and routes, processes of translation and language acquisition (dictionaries,

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Civil Society as Ideology in the Middle East: A Critical Perspective

British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies

Jessica Leigh Doyle British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies Volume 43, Issue 3, 2016 Since the early 1990s support for civil society has constituted the linchpin of international efforts in the Middle East North Africa (MENA) to promote democratisation and democratic values.The rationale for this support lies in an understanding of civil society drawn from a liberal-democratic model, which dominates

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