Constructing the ‘Public Intellectual’ in the Premodern World
Constructing the ‘Public Intellectual’ in the Premodern World
A two-day conference co-hosted by the Genealogies of Knowledge project, the Division of Classics, Ancient History and Archaeology, and the Centre for Translation and Intercultural Studies, University of Manchester, UK
5th-6th September 2019 | Chancellors Hotel, Manchester
Call for papers
A notable feature of intellectual history has been the role of translation in the evolution and contestation of key cultural concepts, including those involved in the negotiation of power: we may think here of the extent to which modern terms such as ‘politics’ and ‘democracy’ derive ultimately from classical Greek, often mediated through different languages. Translation and other forms of mediation are similarly implicated in renegotiating the concept of the public intellectual in different historical and cultural locations.
The role and future of the public intellectual in the contemporary world continues to inspire academic and non-academic debate. In his 1993 Reith lectures, Edward Said gives voice to what might be called a ‘common-sense’ vision of the public intellectual. At first glance, Said’s description of the fiercely independent, incorruptible intellectual whose writing and thought serve as a lifelong calling to relentlessly and selflessly oppose injustice has a timeless quality. Closer examination reveals, however, that Said’s vision is very much a product of his time and personal circumstances. Several assumptions underlie Said’s vision. For example, Said insists on a strict division between the public and the private sphere. He declares that the public intellectual’s main task is making enlightened representations in language that assess actual states-of-affairs against the prescriptions of universal moral precepts. For Said, the public intellectual must be secular, being staunchly opposed to religion spilling outside ‘private life’. Finally, Said holds that the norms that serve as the public intellectual’s moral compass are the principles of liberal democracy. These ostensibly universal elements of Said’s portrait – the division between public and private realms, the view of democratic liberalism as a universally valid moral system, and a robust secularism that staunchly opposes religion spilling outside ‘private life’ – are all in reality the product of the particular historical experiences of Western Europe.
Research undertaken by the Genealogies of Knowledge team serves as a challenge to such contemporary constructions of the public intellectual as a timeless and culturally ubiquitous figure in human societies, and demonstrates that the figure of the public intellectual has also been inscribed into historical representations of premodern society and politics. In the premodern world, perhaps more than today, the status of ‘public intellectual’ derived from access to cultural capital associated with particular bodies of knowledge – often but not necessarily religious as well as secular – and in particular from the construction of intellectual authority via expertise in a privileged learned language (Greek, Latin, classical Arabic, Sanskrit).
‘Constructing the public intellectual in the premodern world’ is based on the premise that the term ‘public intellectual’ can meaningfully be used either of individuals or of groups in the premodern world. It has two aims. The first is to examine the specific historical conditions, including both the continuities but also the changes in conceptual and cultural categories, which served to construct this figure in the premodern world. The second is to understand how modern representations of the premodern ‘public intellectual’ have been used to inspire and shape modern ideas about the role and remit of public intellectuals in the contemporary world.
The conference welcomes proposals for individual papers or panels (ideally of three papers) that grapple with how the ‘public intellectual’ was constructed in premodern societies, and how their legacy influences how we understand the public intellectual today. The conference invites scholars to present research on, but not limited to, the following broad themes:
Constructing categories. Focusing on the historically and culturally specific categories from which representations of the public intellectual are constructed. Topics include: the premodern ‘public’, premodern textual and visual political representation, premodern ‘intellect’ and ‘intellectuals’, premodern sites of representation, power and representation in the premodern world, the self in premodern politics, political life in the premodern world.
Constructing authority with language and translation. Focusing on privileged languages of learning as a mode of access to political privilege. Topics include: politics of translation, constructing scientific lexicons, language and power in the premodern world, premodern lingua francas, politics and vernacular languages.
Constructing authority with knowledge. Focusing on the historical changes and cultural differences in the specialised forms of knowledge that give its possessor the power to govern the lives of others. Topics include: political knowledge; specialisation and professionalism in the premodern world; the relationship between specific learned languages and particular areas of expertise such as religious learning, legal learning and medical learning; political authority and privileged languages of learning; premodern education and political power; patronage and patrons; centre and periphery in premodern intellectual geography; public intellectuals on the move.
Utilising the premodern public intellectual. Focusing on how portraits of premodern ‘public intellectuals’ influence our ideas about what the public intellectual should be today. Topics include: using ancient models for making the modern public intellectuals, contemporary legacies of ancient philosophers, ‘practical philosophy’ in the modern world.
Submissions are welcome from diverse fields, including but not limited to: history, linguistics, translation studies, anthropology, sociology, philosophy, political science, religious studies, development and regional studies, and classics.
Individual abstracts and panel proposals should be sent to Kamran Karimullah (firstname.lastname@example.org) by 1st March 2019.
Please see the Bursaries section below for more information about the bursaries available to postgraduate students and early career researchers wanting to attend this event.
Khaled Fahmy (University of Cambridge)
Title: To Whom Does the Body Belong: Modern Medicine and Medical Professionals in Times of Upheaval
Chris Stray (Swansea University)
Title: The Politics of the Classical: Language and authority in the 19th century
Other confirmed speakers
- Nilza Angmo (Ambedkar University, Delhi), “The Reciter and the Translator: Transmission of religious texts in Tibetan Buddhism”
- Tim Cornell (University of Manchester), “Ancient and modern ideas of History and Historical Writing”
- Eduardo Crisafulli (Independent researcher), “The construction of Dante as a modern intellectual ahead of his time”
- Maribel Fierro (ILC-CSIC, Madrid), “Ibn Tumart and Ibn Rushd (Averroes): exploring the ‘public intellectual’ from the Medieval Maghreb”
- Chiara Fontana (Sapienza University of Rome/Italian Institute of Oriental Studies), “A Farewell to the Beauty: Political, Aesthetical and Social Aspects of Ibn al-Muʽtazz’s (861 – 908) Legacy as a Pre-modern Public Intellectual. An In-Depth Inquiry in His Neglected Work Fuṣūl at-Tamāthīl fī Tabāshīr as-Surūr (Examples and Similes on the Pleasure of Sharing Joy)”
- Matthias Haake (University of Münster), “All over the Ancient Mediterranean world? The social figure of the intellectual in the Greek and Roman worlds from the Archaic period to Late Antiquity – a comparative approach”
- Joanna Komorowska (Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University, Warsaw), “Knowing the Future: the Public Face of an Astrologer”
- Taro Mimura (Hiroshima University, Japan), “Arabic Translation Contests in the Abbasid Courts – The Process of Publicizing Greek Scientific Knowledge in the Abbasid Period”
- Seán Morris (University of Exeter), “In Latin and French: a Bilingual Mathematician writing for two Audiences”
- Zrinko Novosel (University of Zagreb/Croatian Institute of History), “Writing on the Topic of Law in the Periphery. The Case of Imbrih Domin and Konstantin Farkaš”
- Hammood Obaid (University of Manchester), “Ǧābir Bin Ḥayyān and The Earl of Northumberland: Elizabethan conceptions of science, magic and their role in society”
- Matthew Payne (Leiden University), “Cicero and Aulus Gellius: the public intellectual as translator and mediator in the Roman world”
- Dino Piovan (University of Verona), “Reading Thucydides in Early 20th-Century Italy”
- Koen Scholten (Utrecht University), “Scholarly Identity in Early Modern Europe: A Quantitative Approach to Early Modern Collective Vitae of Learned Men and Women”
- Youcef Soufi (University of British Columbia), “Some Precursors of the Modern Public Intellectual; Disputation and Critique Among Islamic Jurists in the 10th-13th Century”
- John Taylor (University of Manchester), “English historians of ancient Greece from Mitford to Grote”
- Rogier van der Wal (Leiden University/University Campus Fryslân, Leeuwarden), “Another kind of public intellectual: Oscar Wilde and Harry Mulisch”
- Laura Viidebaum (New York University), “Past Perfect: Isocrates and the Emergence of Public Intellectuals”
- Hans Wietzke (Carleton College, Minnesota), “Wit to Power: Rethinking the Royal Addressee in Archimedes’ Sand-Reckoner”
- Extended deadline for the submission of abstracts: 1st March 2019
- Notification of acceptance: 15th March 2019
- Registration opens: 6th May 2019
- Early registration closes: 28th June 2019
- Standard registration closes: 30th August 2019
Registration for this event will open on 6th May 2019 and payments will be processed via the University of Manchester Estore. Delegate fees will be as follows:
|Before 28th June (early registration):||Standard rate:||£110|
|After 28th June (late registration):||Standard rate:||£130|
This includes a hot lunch, tea, coffee and refreshments on both of the two days.
Thanks to the generosity of our co-sponsors, including the Classical Association and the Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies, modest bursaries are available on a competitive basis to PhD students and early-career academics. When submitting abstracts, please indicate in the same email that you intend to apply for a bursary. Details of the bursary application process will be available shortly.
The conference will be held at Chancellors Hotel, Manchester.
Overnight accommodation at this venue can be booked via their website: http://www.chancellorshotel.co.uk/
A range of alternative accommodation options can also be found via the Visit Manchester site: https://www.visitmanchester.com/where-to-stay
For more information about this event, please contact Kamran Karimullah (email@example.com).
The organisers of this event would like to gratefully acknowledge the generous support of the following sponsors:
- Arts and Humanities Research Council
- Centre for Translation and Intercultural Studies, University of Manchester
- Division of Classics, Ancient History and Archaeology, University of Manchester
- Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Arts and Languages, University of Manchester
- Classical Association
- Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies